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आप राष्ट्रवादी हैं या देशप्रेमी? अंतर समझने की करें कोशिश

जेएनयू में जो भी घटनाक्रम चल रहा है, धीरे- धीरे उसकी असलियत सामने आ जाएगी, अखलाक के बारे में क्या अफवाह फैलाई गई लेकिन रिपोर्ट में सब कुछ अलग ही निकला । लेकिन जेएनयू की घटना के बाद आम लोग इस तरह भड़के हुए हैं कि खुले आम गोली मार देने की बात करने लगे हैं। राष्ट्रवाद और देशप्रेम के अंतर को समझने की कोशिश कीजियेगा।

कुछ साल पहले एक फिल्म देखने के दौरान राष्ट्रगान बजा तो रोहतक के थिएटर हॉल में सिर्फ तीन लड़कियां खड़ी हुईं । सभी को ये बात इतनी छू गयी कि उसके बाद से गणतंत्र दिवस की परेड के बाद बजने वाले राष्ट्रगान पर घर में भी खड़े हो जाते थे। 3 लड़कियों ने सिर्फ अपना फ़र्ज़ निभाकर दूसरों को फर्ज़ निभाने के लिए प्रेरित कर दिया। प्रेम कोई भी हो, महसूस होने की चीज़ है। मार-पीट कर महसूस नहीं करवाया जा सकता, आप ऐसा करते हैं तो आप किसी कुंठा के शिकार हैं जिसके बारे में शायद आप ही पता लगा पाएं।
भारत के संविधान की प्रस्तावना में साफ़-साफ़ कुछ शब्द लिखे हैं। जिस किसी ने दसवीं तक भी पढ़ाई की है, वो इससे वाकिफ़ होगा। प्रस्तावना में लिखा है कि हम समाजवादी हैं, हम धर्मनिरपेक्ष हैं, हम लोकतांत्रिक हैं। तो समझिए कि इनमें से किसी भी बात को गाली देने वाला राष्ट्र का अपमान कर रहा है ।
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After Arvind Kejriwal lead Delhi Govt The latest global metropolis to introduce car rationing

DELHI-
India’s Capital Delhi launch #OddEvenPlan sucessful. odd days odd number vehicle’s,  Even day Even number vehicles are allowed. In first time so large scale Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal launch OddEven formula for reduced the Pollution in capital.  see the air pollution reduce in Delhi by OddEven plan https://rajkumarmeena.wordpress.com/2016/01/

TOKYO – A number of global capitals have tried a car rationing system over the years to try to reduce congestion . Beijing , Paris, New Delhi, Mexico City: All have at some stage introduced rules to keep cars with odd – or even – numbered license plates off the road on set days.

Now another city can be added to that list:

Pyongyang.
The North Korean capital is hardly known for its gridlock. After all, it’s only in the past couple of

years that the city has gotten its first traffic light – its famous female traffic police are still the norm – and there are still no privately owned cars in

North Korea .
But the number of cars on the roads has increased markedly in recent years, the result of a sharp increase in the number of taxis and government vehicles , as well as a steady uptick in tourist numbers.

Just take a look at this video of a North Korean- style traffic jam from Jaka Parker , who lives in Pyongyang (and runs an excellent Instragram account here ): https://www.instagram.com/jakaparker/?hl=en
https://www.instagram.com/p/8DnDpBACdJ/

A video posted by jakaparker.blogspot.com watch the traffic video in Pyongyang

Kim Jong Un ’s regime has instituted a system this year to keep cars off the road. From Jan . 1 , cars with even- or odd – numbered license plates have been allowed on the roads only on alternate days , according to people who either live in Pyongyang or have visited this year. There are exceptions to the rule : government and other “high- ranking ” cars , military vehicles , foreigners’ cars and minibuses with more than 24 seats .

Locals report being told that the system is modeled on the restrictions in various Chinese cities and , like those , is intended to reduce congestion and emissions.

But many speculate that the real reason is linked to a shortage of gasoline for vehicles .

Although residents and visitors alike say they ’ve seen no signs yet of gas shortages – unlike electricity , which is clearly in short supply, with frequent and lengthy power cuts – they wonder if it is looming. (All the people contacted for this post spoke on the condition of anonymity , concerned about jeopardizing their relations with North
Korea. )

Some say the government appears to anticipating a shortage and want to ration gasoline as their foreign exchange reserves are depleted – in no small part because of the economic slowdown in China.

Others suggest that move may be preparation for China, angry about the recent nuclear and missile tests, turning off the oil tap to North Korea .

As the international community considers how to punish Kim ’s regime for its recent provocations , and becomes increasingly frustrated with the priority that Beijing places on stability, such a
move would show that China does have an influence on North Korea and will use it – even if not to the degree that Washington wants .

Global metropolis- to-introduce-car-rationing-pyongyang

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The odd-even pilot reduced hourly particulate air pollution in India’s Capital Delhi

Yes, Delhi, it worked written by Rajkumar Meena

The odd-even pilot reduced hourly particulate air pollution concentrations by 10-13 per cent. But for the longer run, a congestion-pricing programme may be better

In WHO report India’s Capital Delhi is the most polluted city in the world, now newly formed Government in Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal decided to fight from Pollution, he started most important ODD-EVEN policy in the city, and Unite the peoples for support it.

Delhi’s ambitious odd-even pilot experiment to reduce the number of cars on the road, and pollution in the air, has come to an end — at least for now. But the question remains: Was it successful?Answering this question is challenging. Air pollution data is limited and it comes from many different sources. Pollution also varies with time and weather conditions for reasons that have nothing to do with the odd-even pilot. Thus, simply looking at trends in pollution monitors cannottell us what we need to know. Reflecting these challenges, different assessments so far have been contradictory, ranging from “complete failure” to “massive success”. In a rigorous new study, however, we conclude that the odd-even pilot did have some impact — reducing hourly particulate air pollution concentrations by 10-13 per cent.
                      To judge the scheme’s true impact, we compared Delhi’s pollution with the rest of the NCR, which has similar weather but didn’t fall under the ambit of the scheme. We did this between January 1-15, when the scheme was in effect, and in November and December, when it was not in effect.The first step was to analyse the effect of the odd-even policy on traffic. Anecdotally, there is a general consensus that there were fewer vehicles on the road during the scheme. We attempted to back this up with some hard data. Analysing real-time vehicle speed data from Uber Delhi revealed that during the odd-even programme, average speeds went up by a statistically significant 5.4 per cent (2.8 standard deviation from normal). This is an especially significant change given that radio taxi drivers are meant to stay within speed limits. If shorter trip times reflect fewer cars on Delhi’s roads, and if vehicle emissions significantly impact Delhi’s air pollution, then we may expect the odd-even pilot to translate into lower pollution. We should keep in mind that lower congestion itself reduces pollution as all vehicles (not just cars) spendless time on the road idling and in slow-moving traffic.Having said this, the key question is to statistically quantify the level of impact. To do this, we first put together a dataset of hourly air pollution numbers from 23 monitors in Delhi, and three monitors from Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida, where the odd-even policy was not implemented. This included both government and India Spend monitoring stations. Our results remain similar using only government data.In December 2015, before the odd-even programme began, daily pollution trends in Delhi and the neighbouringregions were very similar.

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                   This is not surprising considering that they have similar temperatures and weather patterns, and are affected in anequivalent way by crop burning and holiday periods. Starting January 1, while absolute pollution levels increased both inside and outside Delhi (for atmospheric reasons, as noted by other commentators), the increase in fine particle levels in Delhi was significantly less than in the surrounding region. Overall, there was a 10-13 per centrelative decline in Delhi.It is possible to go one step further in our analysis by tracking pollution changes hour by hour, since the odd-even policy was only in effect from 8 am to 8 pm. The results are striking (see figure). Around 8 am, the gap between Delhi’s pollution and that in neighbouring regionsbegins to form and steadily increases until mid afternoon. As temperatures begin to fall, and pollution is less likely to disperse, this gap starts to close. We see another small gap emerge between 9-11 pm, which probably reflects thenew limits on truck traffic in Delhi, which also came into force on January 1. Soon after midnight, the gap closes, and Delhi and neighbouring areas show similar pollution patterns until 8 am comes around again. When focusing just on the hours that the odd-even policy was in effect, our estimates suggest that particulates pollution declined by 18 per cent due to the pilot. For more details see http://j.mp/odd-even-QA

While the odd-even policy reduced pollution during its firsttwo weeks in effect, there are reasons to wonder about its ability to reduce pollution over the longer run. A natural concern is that the odd-even policy could easily be gamed or otherwise undermined. Further, Mexico City’s experience with the implementation of a similar policy suggests, it could even make pollution worse by encouraging households to purchase second cars that are old and very polluting.A more durable effect on pollution might come from a congestion-pricing programme, in which drivers are charged for using the roads at certain places and times. This approach, which has been successful in places like London and Singapore, allows cities to effectively reduce car use at periods of peak congestion and pollution. The Delhi government should pilot the use of congestion charging, and invest any income from the charge in high-quality, high-capacity public transport with zero local emissions — which would again help to reduce demand for driving, congestion, and pollution.Air pollution is shortening lives in Delhi and too many other places in India and elsewhere. The odd-even scheme has delivered over these two weeks, but may not over the long term. Furthermore, vehicles are only one source of pollution.There is no shortage of creative ideas and potential pilots, but what is all too often lacking is evidence on which ones work as intended. In one effort to improve matters, the University of Chicago has launched a competition with theDelhi Dialogue Commission to crowdsource ideas for reducing air and water pollution (the Delhi Urban Labs Innovation Challenge). More generally speaking, governments need to accept that we don’t have all the answers to policy problems and adopt a culture of trying out new ideas, testing them carefully, and then deciding which ones to adopt at scale.

Analysis Greenstone, Harish and Sudarshan are at the Energy Policy Institute  at the University of Chicago, and Rohini Pande is at the Evidence for Policy Design group at Harvard University

बिहार : इस चाणक्य से तो चंद्रगुप्त भी डर गए होंगे… Rajkumar Meena Aap

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बिहार : इस चाणक्य से तो चंद्रगुप्त भी डर गए होंगे...

शायद नाम चाणक्य का है, इसलिए भी दहशत होती होगी। चाणक्य ने कहा है तो सही हो सकता है। एग्जिट पोल की दुनिया में चाणक्य ने ऐसा नंबर दिया है कि भाजपा के भीतर हर दूसरे दावेदार के मन में चंद्रगुप्त के ख़्वाब आ रहे होंगे। ऐसा नहीं है कि भाजपा में जीत के दावेदार नहीं थे। उनके नेता दो तिहाई बहुमत का दावा तो कर ही रहे थे, लेकिन वही इस सच्चाई को बता सकते हैं कि क्या वाक़ई उन्हें कभी लगा था कि चाणक्य के एग्जिट पोल के अनुसार 155 सीटें आएंगी। चाणक्य के इस नंबर ने पटना से लेकर दिल्ली तक हड़कंप मचा दिया है।

बल्कि अभी तक जो चुनाव एनडीए बनाम महागठबंधन की शक्ल में हो रहा था अब चाणक्य बनाम बाकी तमाम एग्जिट पोल हो गया है। आठ तारीख को दुनिया अब यह देखेगी कि चाणक्य ने जो कहा है वो सही होता है या नहीं। चाणक्य ने इतना बड़ा जोखिम लिया है तो वह इसका हक़दार तो है ही। नतीजे आने तक सब हर नंबर को चाणक्य की नज़र से देखेंगे। इसलिए इन तीन दिनों के नायक न तो प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी हैं न मुख्यमंत्री नीतीश कुमार।
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सौ दिन, एक साल, दो सरकारें!

#100DaysOfMufflerMan Vs #ModiAtOne

दिल्ली दिलचस्प संयोग देख रही है. एक सरकार के सौ दिन, दूसरी के एक साल! दिलचस्प यह कि दोनों ही सरकारें अलग-अलग राजनीतिक सुनामियाँ लेकर आयीं. बदलाव की सुनामी! जनता ने दो बिलकुल अनोखे प्रयोग किये, दो बिलकुल अलग-अलग दाँव खेले. केन्द्र में मोदी, दिल्ली में केजरीवाल! मोदी परम्परागत राजनीति के नये माडल की बात करनेवाले, तो केजरीवाल उस परम्परागत राजनीति को ध्वस्त कर नयी वैकल्पिक राजनीति के माडल की बात करने वाले. दोनों नयी उम्मीदों के प्रतीक, दोनों नये सपनों के सौदागर. जनता ने एक साथ दोनों को मौक़ा दिया. कर के दिखाओ! जनता देखना चाहती है कि राजनीति का कौन-सा माडल बेहतर है, सफल है, मोदी माडल या केजरीवाल माडल? या फिर दोनों ही फ़्लाप हैं? या दोनों ही नये रंग-रोग़न में वही पुरानी खटारा हैं, जिसे जनता अब तक मजबूरी में खींच रही थी!

मोदी और केजरीवाल : कितनी उम्मीदें पूरी हुईं?

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केजरीवाल सरकार 24 मई को अपने सौ दिन पूरे कर रही है, तो मोदी सरकार 26 मई को एक साल! इन दोनों सरकारों से वाक़ई लोगों को बहुत बड़ी-बड़ी उम्मीदें थीं? क्या वे उम्मीदें पूरी हुईं? हुईं, तो कहाँ तक?
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अरविंद केजरीवाल ने “आप” नेताओं को योगेन्द्र यादव और प्रशान्त भूषण के मुद्दे को सुलझाने को कहा-

   इलाज कराकर लौटे दिल्ली के मुख्यमंत्री अरविंद केजरीवाल के लिए पार्टी के अंदरूनी घमासान से निपटना बड़ी चुनौती है। सोमवार रात जब मनीष सिसोदिया, कुमार विश्वास, आशुतोष, आशीष खेतान और संजय सिंह उनसे मिलने गए तो उन्होंने अपनी गैरहाजिरी में हुए घटनाक्रम पर नाराजगी जताई। केजरीवाल आप नेताओं द्वारा मीडिया को बयान जारी कर प्रशांत भूषण और योगेंद्र यादव को पीएसी (राजनीतिक मामलों की समिति) से निकालने की वजह बताए जाने पर खास तौर से नाराज दिखे। बैठक में केजरीवाल और उनके नेताओं के बीच कुछ इस तरह बातचीत हुई-

केजरीवाल – अंदरूनी विवाद को पार्टी की ओर से बयान जारी कर सार्वजनिक करने की जरूरत क्यों पड़ी। हम सभी का तो एक ही सूत्र है कि जनता के लिए बेहतर कामकाज
करना, ऐसा क्या हो गया जो इस तरह का कदम उठाया गया।

संजय सिंह – विवाद लगातार बढ़ रहा था और पार्टी की छवि खराब हो रही थी। इसलिए मीडिया को पार्टी की ओर से बयान जारी किया गया।

केजरीवाल – इस बयान के बाद क्या विवाद थम गया। सबकुछ ठीक हो गया।

आशीष खेतान – नहीं, सबकुछ ठीक तो नहीं हुआ। लेकिन बयानबाजी में जरूर कमी आ गई।
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